Sustainable development strives for human progress while preserving nature's capacity to provide vital resources and ecosystem services. The goal is a society where human needs are met without compromising the environment's stability. It entails satisfying current requirements while safeguarding the well-being of generations to come. Climate change affects all nations, disrupting economies and lives through shifting weather, rising seas, and intensified extremes. While COVID-19 temporarily reduced emissions by around 6% in 2020, post-pandemic recovery is projected to elevate emissions again, underscoring the ongoing urgency of climate action.