The escalating climate crisis demands urgent action. Thankfully, multiple measures exist to secure our future well-being, falling into two key categories: climate change adaptation and mitigation. Mitigation involves curtailing greenhouse gas emissions through technological advancements, renewable energy adoption, and altered behaviours. From advanced transit systems to local pathways, global efforts are underway. While mitigation's concept is clear, its execution is complex. A transition to renewable energy and preservation of ecosystems is crucial for achieving net-zero carbon emissions, maintaining a balance between emission release and absorption.