Rome is the capital of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome, also the capital of the Lazio region.There are 2,873,874 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi) and it is also the country's most populated comune. Rome is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city.For this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. The language spoken here is Latin. Rome is a major international center for higher education containing numerous academies, colleges and universities.