Pediatric nephrology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of kidney disorders and diseases in infants, children, and adolescents. It deals with the evaluation and care of children with a wide range of renal conditions, including congenital kidney abnormalities, kidney diseases, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and kidney failure.
The kidneys play a vital role in maintaining the body's fluid and electrolyte balance, filtering waste products, and producing urine. Children's kidneys have unique characteristics and requirements, necessitating specialized expertise to provide comprehensive care. Pediatric nephrologists are medical professionals who specialize in evaluating and treating kidney disorders in children. They work closely with a team of healthcare providers, including pediatric urologists, nurses, dietitians, and social workers, to deliver personalized and effective care to young patients.