Periodontology, or periodontics, is a dental field devoted to studying the supportive structures of teeth and the associated diseases. The periodontium comprises gums, alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament, all contributing to tooth support. A periodontist specializes in diagnosing, preventing, and treating periodontitis, along with performing dental implant procedures.
Dental implant surgery entails substituting tooth roots with metal posts, followed by replacing missing or damaged teeth with artificial ones mirroring natural teeth in both aesthetics and function. This approach proves beneficial for those seeking alternatives to uncomfortable dentures or bridgework, particularly in cases where inadequate natural tooth roots hinder denture or bridge placement.