Nanotechnology stands as a crucial player in the technological landscape of the 21st century, capturing widespread attention. Within this realm, green nanotechnology emerges as a subdivision of eco-friendly technology, seamlessly merging the principles of green chemistry and green engineering, where the latter involves harnessing plant-derived materials. Its fundamental ethos involves employing fewer resources and prioritizing renewable sources whenever feasible, consequently curbing energy usage and dependence on conventional fuels.
Moreover, the realm of nanotechnology, spanning products, procedures, and applications, holds immense potential in championing environmental and climate preservation. This potential is manifested through the conservation of vital resources like raw materials, energy, and water, alongside the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and hazardous waste generation. The notable merits of green nanotechnology encompass heightened energy efficiency, curtailed waste generation and greenhouse gas discharges, and a diminished reliance on finite raw materials.