Environmental chemistry delves into the chemistry of natural surroundings and the compounds that manifest as pollutants within them, while green chemistry concentrates on preemptively curbing and diminishing pollution at its origin. Green chemistry is synonymous with environmentally benign chemistry, representing a widely explored domain. Its objective is to minimize or eliminate the creation of detrimental byproducts, all the while optimizing desirable outcomes in an ecologically sustainable manner. Noteworthy advancements in green chemistry encompass the utilization of supercritical carbon dioxide, eco-friendly solvents like water, aqueous hydrogen peroxide for oxidation, and hydrogen in asymmetric synthesis. By employing these environmentally conscious approaches, green chemistry effectively mitigates pollution, surpassing conventional methods in terms of ecological friendliness.