From both point and diffuse pollution sources, a plethora of emerging pollutants (EPs) infiltrate the environment, harboring the capacity to jeopardize ecosystems and human well-being. These substances, though not routinely monitored, pose significant risks. Enhanced analytical tools have facilitated swift, affordable, and efficient extraction methods, enabling the concentration of sought-after analytes from intricate environmental samples. As a result, numerous toxic compounds have been unveiled at concentrations impactful to the environment, unveiling their biological consequences. Moreover, these advancements have shed light on previously ignored or unidentified pollutants, broadening our comprehension of environmental threats.