Scientific Sessions

Tooth Anatomy, Decay and Care

Dental cavities occur when acid in the mouth erodes tooth enamel, resulting in holes in the teeth. Cavities that go untreated can cause toothaches, infection, and tooth extraction. Cavities affect people of all ages. Tooth decay may be avoided with proper dental care, which includes brushing, flossing, and frequent dental examinations. Dental caries is another name for cavities.

Cavities can affect people of any age, although they are more frequent in youngsters. They could not wash their teeth correctly and eat and drink more sugary foods and beverages. Cavities affect adults as well. New deterioration can form around the borders of cavities that were treated as a kid. Gum recession is also more common in adults. Cavity-causing plaque is exposed to the bottom regions of the teeth in this scenario.
Plaque and acids that cause cavities may be removed with proper dental hygiene, which includes brushing and flossing on a regular basis. Taking care of your teeth and gums entails:

  • Tooth-brushing with a fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day, and preferably after every meal.
  • Cutting back on sugary, starchy foods and drinks.
  • Daily flossing to get rid of food and plaque stuck between teeth.
  • Dental checkups at least twice a year.
  • Dental sealants to protect the top chewing surfaces of teeth.