Scientific Sessions

Heart Arrhythmia

Heart Arrhythmia is a set of circumstances where the heartbeat is irregular, too slow, or too fast. Bradycardia: A heart rate below 60 Tachycardia beats per minute: a heart rate in adult symptoms above 100 beats per minute: Arrhythmia naturally has no symptoms. Yet some signs are usually found in Arrhythmia patients, such as lightheadedness, palpitations, feeling a pause between heartbeats, shortness of breath, passing out, or chest pain.

Four major types of arrhythmias exist: · Extra beats· Supraventricular tachycardia· Ventricular arrhythmias· Bradyarrhythmia’s

Diagnosis: The Electrocardiogram (ECG) and Holter monitor are different tests and procedures that can aid in the diagnosis of arrhythmia.

Treatment: It is possible to treat most arrhythmias successfully. Treatments may include medicines such as beta-blockers, surgery, and different medical procedures such as installing a pacemaker or procainamide agents to restore normal heart rhythm. Many forms cases of arrhythmia lead to sudden death or heart arrest.

Arrhythmia is affecting millions. Around 80% of sudden cardiac death is the result of ventricular arrhythmias. Approximately 15% of all sudden cardiac deaths are caused by global cardiovascular disease.

Atrial fibrillation affects about 2% to 3% of the population in Europe and North America as of 2014.