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Atherosclerosis is a condition that prevents the supply of oxygen-rich blood to parts of the body due to the accumulation of plaque.

Atherosclerosis is caused by abnormal levels of cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, smoking, and congenital an unhealthy diet.

In the initial stage, no symptoms appear until serious, depending on which arteries are affected, it can lead to stroke, coronary artery disease, kidney problems, and peripheral artery disease.

Atherosclerosis generally occurs in men in their 40s and women in their 50s to 60s. According to data from 2004, the first symptom of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease results in a heart attack or sudden cardiac death in about 66 percent of men and 47 percent of women in the United States.

Prevention: Usually by taking a healthy diet, not smoking, exercising, and keeping a normal weight.

Treatment: involves medicines for blood pressure, medicines for lowering cholesterol such as statins, or medications for reducing coagulation, such as aspirin. Also, various procedures such as coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention, or carotid endarterectomy can be performed.