Allergies and asthma in children
Allergies and asthma are common and significant health issues that affect a substantial number of children worldwide. Allergies refer to hypersensitivity reactions of the immune system to harmless substances in the environment, such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, certain foods, and insect bites. Asthma, on the other hand, is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to recurring episodes of coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.
Allergies and asthma often coexist and share common underlying mechanisms. Children with allergies are more prone to developing asthma, and asthma symptoms can be triggered by allergic reactions. These conditions can have a significant impact on a child's quality of life, affecting their physical well-being, sleep, school performance, and participation in everyday activities.