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Scientific Sessions

Diabetes and Metabolism

Metabolism states to the bodily process of extracting energy from food. Diabetes affects metabolism by reducing insulin levels. This in turn checks the body from storing the energy it gets from food for later use. Profound metabolic variations occur in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus during insulin deprivation. These include a growth in basal energy expenditure and reduced mitochondrial function. In addition, protein metabolism is significantly affected throughout insulin deprivation. Diabetes mellitus is a set of metabolic disorders of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) and usually resulting from insufficient production of the hormone insulin (type 1 diabetes) or an ineffective reply of cells to insulin (type 2 diabetes).